Front-End Analysis

Ensuring effective, cost-smart instruction strategies, tools and techniques.

The AIS best practice Front-End Analysis is a detailed and highly collaborative process that defines a training program’s baseline while creating a work breakdown structure that ensures streamlined, affordable and successful learning. We work with the customer to fully understand the target audience characteristics and identify current instructional gaps. We work with the appropriate Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) to craft an Instructional Performance Requirements Document (IPRD) that includes a comprehensive set of learning goals and a carefully defined list of training tasks which determine exactly what must be learned to achieve these goals. The sequence and structure of the instruction are identified as well as the solution’s multi-media types and how to best deliver the learning platform to the learners. Learning success metrics are clearly documented, milestones and reviews identified and a learning analysis summary is submitted for review.

  • Training gap analysis
  • Individual training task lists and pertinent data
  • Learning objectives and supporting data
  • Learning objectives hierarchies and flow diagrams
  • Learning success metrics
  • Learning analysis summary


Creating a courseware design and implementation “blueprint.”

The document that drives the design and development of a training program is the Instructional Media Design Package (IMDP). Created in close collaboration with the customer and appropriate SMEs, the IMDP is a “blueprint” of the program’s design and implementation that addresses every stage of the Instructional System Design (ISD) process. This includes the courseware design strategy, a summary description of the training program data, the lesson strategy data, audio/video production requirements, screen conventions, performance standards, computer-managed instruction (CMI) features, storyboards, sample lessons of the actual courseware and flow diagrams. As a “living document”, it is updated throughout the courseware development process to capture any changes to approved courseware conventions and standards. Accompanying the delivery of the IMDP is an Interactive Multimedia Instruction (IMI) Prototype that clearly demonstrates all levels of interactivity (Levels I-IV). The IMDP and Prototype will illustrate:

  • Graphical User Interface
  • Completely enabled navigation
  • Database structures
  • Graphical and textual conventions
  • Sample assessment strategies
  • Sample content
  • Sample instructional strategies
  • Sample interaction and user activities
  • Sample introductory elements
  • Sample motivational strategies

All AIS courseware complies with the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Sharable Content Reference Model (SCORM®) as specified within each delivery order.

Development & Implementation

Putting together a complete learning platform.

In the learning platform Development phase, AIS artists, technical writers, media specialists and courseware programmers assist the instructional designers in creating the various activities as dictated in the design and implementation “blueprint.” The final product is the instructional courseware—the media and its content, such as lesson outlines, software, sound, graphics, video, animation, etc. When complete, the lesson and all of its content are reviewed for technical accuracy, playability, completeness, clarity, instructional integrity and conformance with all specifications and standards in the design document. The content will flow naturally from a course map, with each lesson, module and activity building the foundation for the next. Course material is validated by using representative samples of the target audience and then revised as needed. Also included are Performance Aids and Checks on Learning to ensure the learner is provided feedback, remediation, reinforcement, what was done correctly and incorrectly and the correct answer. AIS creates a robust test item bank(s) for all learner performance measurement instruments, tests, feedbacks and records. Once final approval of all deliverables has been obtained, source files for all developed media shall be packaged and provided.

  • Initial, team and SME reviews
  • Incremental testing and  validation
  • Instructional media package
  • Checks on Learning
  • Performance Aids
  • Source files for all developed media

Levels of Interactivity

From passive to lifelike.

Several factors determine the extent or level of interactivity appropriate to a learning platform. Included among these is the nature of the content, your technological infrastructure, the target audience, the sophistication of the course as well as the skills expected at the end of the learning. As a general rule, there are four levels of interactivity—Passive, Limited Participation, Complex Participation and Real Time Participation. AIS works closely with the customer to carefully align the level of interactivity with learning need, objective and budget.

Level One—Passive

The learner is basically the receiver of information. This level is used primarily to introduce knowledge, including ideas, concepts and processes. Minimal interactivity is incorporated in the form of text, navigational icons, static graphics and illustrations, learner-initiated animations and pop-ups and hyperlinks.

Level Two—Limited Participation

The learner recalls information and responds to instructional cues. This level is used to introduce operational and maintenance guidelines and procedures. Moderate interactivity is incorporated in the form of learner-initiated animations, interactive graphics, activities, scenarios and assessments (practice, knowledge checks and tests). This level provides drill and practice, providing feedback on learner response, emulating simple psychomotor performance and emulating simple equipment operations in response to learner action.

Level Three—Complex Participation

The learner applies information to scenarios and interacts with simulations. This level is used to present more complex operational and maintenance procedures. Moderate to high interactivity in the form of complex interactive graphics including simulations and decision-based branched scenarios. This level is capable of evaluating the learner’s intellectual skills and performance using computer-based performance and predictive test items.

Level Four—Real Time Participation

The learner engages in a life-like set of complex cues and responses. This level is capable of real time simulation of performance in the operational setting and can incorporate artificial intelligence components and state of the art technology for simulation and communications. This level is often found in games with multiple players, computer generated team players and/or simulating decision-making incorporating multiple tasks.

Continuous Evaluation

Ensuring learning effectiveness

AIS personnel conduct continuous evaluation—often referred to as summative evaluation—beginning at implementation of the training and continue throughout the lifecycle of the course. This enables us to evaluate how well the training took place, the extent t o which both individuals and units perform their mission as a result of the training and whether products support training objectives. This includes a variety of data collection strategies, site visits to conduct observational reviews and to collect data relating to behavior transfer. Field visit data is compiled and scanned into the system. The automated processes enable collection of data over time for the development of trend analysis. Only through trend analysis can one discern subtle shifts in performance or identify conditions that affect the training requirements and ultimately its effectiveness. A final report with findings, conclusions and recommendations is developed, including sources for the findings and justifications for the recommendations.

Personnel Support

The right person for the right job at the right time—anywhere in the world.

Today’s missions are complex, global and subject to continuous change. They require an unprecedented array of specialized services across technical, managerial and administrative domains. Placing this talent where it’s needed, when it’s needed—anywhere in the world—is a key to achieving readiness, resource optimization and desired mission outcomes. And this is what AIS staff Personnel Support delivers.Our excellent reputation for the planning, management and deployment of specialized services is the result of our track record of recruiting outstanding professionals, retaining valuable workforce teams during contract transitions and establishing strong, long term teaming relations. We rapidly respond to both small and large contracts, including those with exempt and nonexempt job classifications. Many of our classifications are highly technical and require individuals with advanced degrees and significant research and development experience within highly classified and sensitive work environments. And no one outworks us. When high quality, cost-effective recruiting, deployment and retention matter most, look to AIS Personnel Support.

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